The Functionality of the Electrical Fence
Electrical fences are created to deliver an electrical circuit when a person or an animal touches it. A power energizer component converts the power from touch into a high voltage pulse. One terminal connected to the power energizer will release an electrical pulse along a bare wire. A metal rod is connected to another terminal which is implanted in the earth. A pulse is created every second, and once a person or animal touches it, there will be shocked. The shock’s effect depends entirely on the voltage created by each pulse and the degree of contact between the person/animal and the fence. The current that goes through the body can range from uncomfortable to very painful or even lethal.
How to install an electric fence
Keeping animals and unwanted intruders out of your yard is easy, install an electric fence. It is very much humane, and it’s also practical. Installing an electric fence is a simple task, and you will find the step by step breakdown below.
• Where would you want to put your fence?
Think about how many animals you want to control and space they need to move around without being packed too close; this is how you will determine the number of wires you will need to install the fence. After deciding on the space, you need to take measurements of how high you want the fence. Next, you have to decide on each run’s length and height and the number of wires you will need to complete the fence. Specific chargers are optimized for different types and lengths of wires for each fence. It is advised to check with your supplier to ensure you have the right materials to build your fence.
• Decide how many braces you will need to build your fence.
You will need to use a brace at each corner of the electric fence. One brace will hold at least six lines. If you plan on using seven or more lines, you will need to use a double brace.
• Use multiple fence posts.
If you use an ample amount of space, you will need to use many posts. While metal posts are more expensive, they are easier to use than wood, which is cheaper but will rot over time.
• Select a quality charger
You will need to use a charger that will keep the electricity powering the wires on the fence. Solar chargers can also be useful because they retain a certain amount of sunlight that can power the fence. Select a charger that measures in joules and must have access to an AC outlet.
• Choose the best wire.
You can use wires of various thickness or use electric fence tape. The electric tape is easier to use and less harmful than straight wire.
• Setup the electric charger
Select a spot close to an AC outlet and install the electric charger.
• Grounding posts
When installing electric fences, you need first to install a grounding post. One grounding rod must be placed near the electric charger and another one 10 to 20 feet away from the first post. Then you attach the grounding wire to all the grounding posts. Install the fence posts at least 40 feet apart. Then you set up the brace on corners and the gates. After setting up then, you mount the insulators. The insulators are essential because they are needed to keep the wires’ electricity and away from the posts.
• Use connector posts and run the wires. Mount them on the posts.
• Turn the charger on and use a voltmeter test the line. Then charge the line. Recheck the voltage and ensure that the voltage isn’t over 2000 volts.
Electric Fences in Agriculture
The construction of electric fences is more prevalent in the agriculture sector because they are cheaper and faster than conventional fences. Therefore, more permanent electric fences in agriculture are being constructed because electrical fences use plain wires, and they are much lighter. Electrical fences do not need physical restraints because animals or people will not knowingly touch it. The risk of animals’ injuries is minimal compared to fences made from barbed wire or woven wires with large spaces where animal feet can get entangled.
Electric materials are also used to make temporary fences to manage intensive grazing. It is also used to confine horses and to pack animals overnight. Temporary elastic fencing can be used to fence a large area in less time. Buried electric fences are used to keep dogs and livestock from straying; this works when a radio signal emits from the buried fence in the ground, the animal wore a collar then detects it. The collar makes a warning sound, and if the animal ignores the sound, it causes a shock. The human ear and animals who aren’t wearing the collars aren’t aware of the buried fence or sound. Another system uses GPS signals to determine if an animal is outside of its proximity.
Pros of electric fence
Some pros of electric fence fence are that:
• They are cheaper than the other fences.
• They can be made with inexpensive wires.
• The fence can be built in a few hours.
Cons of electric fence
Some cons of electric fence fence are:
• they require an electric system to work.
• If you don’t have access to a power grid, you will have to set up the fence to another system, such as a solar system.
• While the power consumption is low, it is still draining your system, so you will have to bear in mind.
Some advantages of the electric fence are:
• it is a deterrent to vandalism
• protects against trespassing
• it is durable
Some disadvantages of the electric fence are:
• maintenance on these fences are high
• there are many rules when setting it up.
• Checks have to be made with a local council to be able to set up a fence.